Winemaking in Serbia has a long history because it dates back to 8th century when the empire was established. However, the real winemaking growth was developed during the Nemanjić dynasty (11. – 14th century). When the Czar Dušan ruled (1331 – 1355), the law about wine production was passed. This.legislation was written on the Charter by Štěpán Prvověnčan. The Czar Dušan built large vineyards and wine cellars near the Prizren town (south of Kosovo).
In the Middle Ages a cup of wine was symbol of dialogue, agreement, oath, promise, law, but also a sign of warning. After the battle of Kosovo in 1389, Serbia was gradually occupied by Turks, and Serbs were forced to move towards the north of the country. As a result Kruševac town and its surroundings became a main centre of the winemaking. During Turkish domination which lasted more than 450 years many Serbian vineyards were destroyed because of the prohibition on alcohol in Islam.
When in 1878 Serbia became independent from Turks, the winemaking started to grow again and became an important part of the economic sector. Moreover, the Navipovog wine cellar was founded and organised, and massive wine production started. In modern times Serbian rulers helped significantly with the development of the winemaking. More specifically the King Petr I. Karađorđević and his son Aleksandar played an important role in the Serbian winemaking at the beginning of the 20th century.
Thanks to those kings new wine cellars were founded and tens hectares of wine were planted in central part of Serbia on the Oplenac hill near the Topole village. In these cellars the high-quality wines were produced. The tradition that Serbian rulers started is now being continued by Serbian winemakers Aleksandrović from Šumadijske Topola town and by Milijan Jelić from Valjevo town whose wines are among the best ones.